desensitization

n.
1) (hyposensitization) a method for reducing the effects of a known allergen by injecting, over a period, gradually increasing doses of the allergen, until resistance is built up.
See: allergy
2) a technique used in the behaviour therapy of phobic states. The thing that is feared is very gradually introduced to the patient, first in imagination and then in reality. At the same time the patient is taught relaxation to inhibit the development of anxiety (see relaxation therapy). In this way he is able to cope with progressively closer approximations to the feared object or situation.

The new mediacal dictionary. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Desensitization — can refer to: Desensitization (telecommunications) Desensitization (medicine) Desensitization (psychology) Desensitization of explosives, see Phlegmatized This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same title. If an …   Wikipedia

  • desensitization — n. the process of reducing or eliminating sensitivity. Syn: desensitisation. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • desensitization — /dee sen si teuh zay sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of desensitizing. 2. Physiol., Med. the elimination or reduction of natural or acquired reactivity or sensitivity to an external stimulus, as an allergen. 3. Psychiatry. a behavior… …   Universalium

  • desensitization — 1. The reduction or abolition of allergic sensitivity or reactions to the specific antigen (allergen). SYN: antianaphylaxis. 2. The act of removing an emotional complex. SYN: hyposensitization. hete …   Medical dictionary

  • desensitization — desensibilizavimas statusas T sritis Standartizacija ir metrologija apibrėžtis Medžiagos jautrio šviesai mažinimas. atitikmenys: angl. desensitization vok. Desensibilisierung, f rus. десенсибилизация, f pranc. désensibilisation, f …   Penkiakalbis aiškinamasis metrologijos terminų žodynas

  • desensitization — desensibilizavimas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Medžiagos jautrio mažinimas. atitikmenys: angl. desensitization rus. десенсибилизация …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • desensitization — desensibilizavimas statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. desensitization vok. Desensibilisation, f; Desensibilisierung, f rus. десенсибилизация, f pranc. désensibilisation, f …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

  • desensitization — desensitize (also desensitise) ► VERB 1) make less sensitive. 2) make indifferent to cruelty or suffering. DERIVATIVES desensitization noun …   English terms dictionary

  • desensitization — noun see desensitize …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • desensitization — (de sen si ti za shun) To make a sensitized or hypersensitive individual insensitive or nonreactive to a sensitizing agent …   Dictionary of microbiology

  • desensitization — In a general sense: see adaptation. Immunologically, the term is used to mean the administration of a graded series of doses of an antigen to which there is an immediate hypersensitivity response. The technique is used in the treatment of allergy …   Dictionary of molecular biology

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